1. Heritage                                                                  
  2. Sustainability                                                             
  3. Waste and minerals                                               

1. Heritage

City Plan Part 1 policy CP15 and retained Local Plan policies HE1 to HE12 aim to ensure that the historic environment plays an integral part in the future of the city. In addition to these policies the council has also produced a Conservation Strategy and an Architectural Features Supplementary Planning Document.

There are 480 listed buildings graded I and II* in the city.

There are 11 buildings graded I and II* on the current Historic England ‘At Risk’ register, including five listed places of worship. The number of buildings at risk has increased from 7 in 2013/14.

6 of the 33 conservation areas in the city are currently included on the Historic England ‘at risk’ register. This includes the Old Town and Queen’s Park conservation areas.

A Management Plan for the Old Town conservation area was published in November 2018 and a Character Statement for the Queen’s Park conservation area was published in September 2018. In addition, an Article 4 Direction has been introduced for the Queen’s Park conservation area which will take effect on 4 June 2022. These documents and controls will be important steps towards addressing the current threats to these areas. 

Information about conservation areas and listed buildings can be accessed via the Heritage page of the council website.


2. Sustainability

The Council declared a climate and biodiversity emergency in December 2018 and has made a commitment as a city to be carbon neutral by 2030. The implementation of planning policies in the City Plan can help achieve this commitment.

Energy efficiency standards are sought through policy CP8 of the City Plan Part 1.

In 2020/21 99.7% of new build development applications were completed with a requirement for the standard to achieve a reduction in carbon emissions of 19% (Table 1) and a water efficiency standard of not more than 110 litres per person per day maximum indoor water consumption. The one development that did not meet the requirement was approved on appeal.

Table 1: Net new build housing completions 2020/21: Proposed sustainability standards

  Completed new build dwellings Percentage of completed dwellings

Reduction in carbon emissions of 19%



No standard



Total units



Only developments applying for full planning are required to submit a Sustainability Checklist, as a consequence, the energy performance of other applications such as prior approvals is not recorded.

There were 1,575 new build residential units given planning  approval in 2020/21 with a requirement for the standard to achieve a reduction in carbon emissions of 19% which equates to 99.7% of all new build units approved in the monitoring year.

Policy CP8 also requires that all development proposals will be expected to demonstrate how the development will facilitate on-site low or zero carbon (LZC) technologies. Applicants are asked to indicate via the Sustainability Checklist whether LZC technologies will be introduced into the development.

Of the new build residential applications completed in 2020/21, 20 (48.8%) had indicated in their sustainability checklist that they would install LZC technologies. These developments comprised 73% of completed new build residential units.    

The following indicators represent a selection of the relevant sustainability indicators which are reported in the Appendices to the Authority Monitoring Report 2020/21.

Sustainable buildings

Sustainability indicators include:

  • 12% of new build residential applications approved with Sustainability checklist and completed in 2020/21 incorporated green walls and roofs
  • 1.19 kilotonnes of carbon dioxide was emitted per capita from domestic sources for energy provision in 2019; a reduction on 1.23 kilotonnes in 2018

Sustainable transport

Sustainability indicators include:

  • 88% of new build residential and PDSA development, approved through a full planning application, and completed 2020/21 provided cycle parking creating 1,507 spaces
  • 32% of new build residential development, approved through a full planning application, and completed 2020/21 included car free units; totaling 97 car free units
  • An estimated 287.8 kilotonnes of transport related carbon dioxide was emitted in 2019; a reduction on 292.9 kilotonnes in 2018 and 304.3 kilotonnes in 2016

Biodiversity and open space

Sustainability indicators include:

  • £2,644,115  was secured through developer contributions towards the enhancement of open space or leisure in 2020/21
  • 45% of local sites (sites designated locally for their substantive nature conservation importance, either for wildlife or geology) were in positive conservation management in 2018/19, an improvement on 32% in 2017/18 (no data is available for 2019/20 due to a variety of restrictions relating to the COVID 19 pandemic)

Air Quality

Sustainability indicators include:

  • The average level of nitrogen dioxide showed an improvement at all three key recording sites in the city between 2019 and 2020:
Area Target 2019 2020 Comments

Lewes Road, Brighton

40 μg/m

26.9 μg/m

18.9 μg/m

Positive trends and targets met

London Road, Brighton

40 μg/m

39.5 μg/m

30.6 μg/m

Positive trends and targets met

High Street, Rottingdean

40 μg/m

32.7 μg/m

28.4 μg/m

Positive trends and targets met

Flooding and climate change impacts

Sustainability indicators include:

  • 48% of new build residential development approved through a full planning application and completed in 2020/21 indicated that Sustainable Urban Drainage systems would be incorporated into the development

3. Waste and minerals

Brighton & Hove City Council, as a Waste and Minerals Planning Authority, provides planning policies for waste management and minerals production.

The Council, working in partnership with East Sussex County Council and the South Downs National Park Authority, adopted the:

A review of the Waste and Minerals Plan is currently being undertaken by the Authorities, with a focus on the supply of minerals.


The main types of waste are:

Local Authority Collected Waste (LACW)

Household waste comprises approximately 95% of local authority collected waste, the remainder coming from sources such as street sweepings and public parks and gardens.

Commercial and Industrial Waste (C&I)

This is produced from shops, food outlets, businesses, and manufacturing activities and comprises about 27% of waste in the Plan Area as a whole.

Construction, Demolition and Excavation Waste (CDEW)

Produced from building activity, with a considerable proportion of it is considered to be inert. CDEW comprises an estimated 51% of all waste arisings.

Other wastes

This includes hazardous waste, liquid waste (other than wastewater), and wastes arising from the agricultural sector.

The city council monitors the quantity of local authority collected waste (LACW) but it does not directly monitor the quantity of commercial and industrial waste or construction, demolition and excavation waste arisings.

The best estimate for C&I waste arisings for East Sussex and Brighton & Hove in 2020 was 506,846 tonnes, estimates for annual arisings of CDEW can be found in the East Sussex Waste and Minerals AMR.

Key figures for Local Authority Collected Waste in Brighton and Hove are:

  • 110,025 tonnes of household LACW were produced in Brighton & Hove in 2020/21, an increase on the 108,894 tonnes in the previous monitoring year
  • The majority of waste (71.0%) in 2020/21 was sent for energy recovery, an increase on the previous three monitoring years and the highest figure since the Newhaven Energy Recovery Facility was operational
  • the amount of landfilled waste continues to reduce and represented only 1.6 percent of all LACW which is in contrast to 59 percent sent to landfill in 2007/08
  • 27.5 percent was recycled, composted or reused, a similar proportion to recent monitoring years


Brighton & Hove does not have any active mineral sites and the level of production in East Sussex is very low by regional standards. Actual production figures are bound by confidentiality constraints, caused by particular commercial sensitivities due to the small number of operators in place.

National policy is to increase the use of secondary and recycled aggregates as an alternative to reducing reserves of primary aggregates and this is reflected in Waste and Minerals Plan Policy WMP3.

Details on aggregate capacity in the plan area and detailed figures for East Sussex and Brighton & Hove are published in supporting documents for Waste and Minerals Local Plan Review  and in the East Sussex Waste and Minerals AMR.

It is a requirement of the NPPF to produce an annual Local Aggregate Assessment (LAA) to assess the demand for and supply of aggregates in their area. The latest LAA was created jointly with East Sussex County Council and the South Downs National Park Authority and published in December 2020.