Trans-friendly city but new research finds trans people still face significant challenges
The first ever trans needs assessment in Brighton & Hove has found the city is trans-friendly but that discrimination, abuse and isolation is still a problem.
Three years ago the Trans Equality Scrutiny Panel set out to ask what needs to be done to make things fairer for trans people in the city. This needs assessment is one of the responses to that challenge.
Trans community members were at the heart of this work, alongside partners from statutory services and the community and voluntary sector.
The needs assessment found that:
- At least 2,760 trans people live in the city, according to estimates, with many more coming here to study, work or socialise
- Only three in five trans people reported they were in good health (compared with four in five overall)
- Four in five trans people had experienced depression and one in three had self-harmed in the last five years
- Improvements could be made to improve trans people’s experience of both general health services, including GPs, and specialist services. Long waiting times for gender identity services had detrimental impacts on the lives of those affected
- Experience of hate incidents by trans people is common and they feel less safe than the overall population. Sixty-four per cent of trans people surveyed reported that they had experienced verbal abuse; 39% harassment and 20% physical violence in the last five years
- Family circumstances can sometimes be difficult and limits the support they can offer. Over six in ten people surveyed as part of this research had encountered domestic violence in the past.
- Trans people are vulnerable to homelessness. The needs assessment found and that improved practice by letting agents and homeless services would help.
- The trans community has strong social networks and community and voluntary groups. However, resources limit the support they can provide.
Cllr Emma Daniel, Brighton & Hove City Council Neighbourhoods, Communities and Equalities Committee chair and equalities champion, said:
“This needs assessment is a vital piece of work because we want to understand the needs of our important trans community. The more we understand, the better we can respond.
“Although the trans-friendly nature of our city has been recognised there is still some way to go before all members of the trans community are able to go about their lives in the city in a way in which most of us take for granted.
“Many people in the city don’t appreciate the kinds of difficulties which trans people can face and I hope this work will also help to raise awareness.
“The city has already made some progress, including some improvements to sports facilities and providing a toolkit for use in schools. I look forward to building on this work together with the trans community and our partner organisations.”
Dr Samuel Hall, Chair of the Clare Project said:
“This report takes a major leap forward. It highlights the level of discrimination and prejudice that is ongoing in our city, but also the strengths of the local trans community and, importantly, provides practical recommendations on how inequality can be tackled and local and national services can be improved”.
The final report of the Brighton & Hove Trans Equality Scrutiny Panel in 2013 made a number of recommendations. One of these was to conduct a full needs assessment to understand better the size of the city’s trans community and what their needs are.
The needs assessment used the same definition for trans as the 2013 Scrutiny Report:
“Trans is an umbrella term to describe people whose gender identity differs from their assigned sex at birth”.
It is inclusive of terms such as transgender.
The needs assessment is the latest report to be published as part of the Brighton & Hove Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA). This provides an analysis of current and future needs of the city’s population. The JSNA is published here. The Brighton & Hove Trans Needs Assessment 2015 is available here
Supporting documents, including community research conducted by Brighton University and Brighton & Hove LGBT Switchboard, are also available here
The Equality and Inclusion Partnership (EQUIP) Trans Subgroup, chaired by Cllr Emma Daniel and including multiagency and community membership, will review the recommendations and work with partners to oversee the development of a prioritised three year action plan.
The Clare Project is a community group based in Brighton that provides a safe and supportive environment for people to explore issues surrounding their gender identity. It provides a weekly drop in and other services. The Clare Project was one of a number of community & voluntary sector organisations involved in producing the needs assessment.