How schools and educational settings support children with SEND
All children and young people are individuals. They make progress at different rates and learn in different ways. Teachers are expected to take this into account when they organise their lessons and choose materials and activities to help each pupil learn. This is known as “differentiation” of learning materials.
Teachers regularly assess progress for all pupils. These assessments should seek to identify pupils making less than expected progress given their age and circumstances. This can be described as progress which:
- is significantly slower than that of their peers starting from the same baseline
- fails to match or better the child or young person’s previous rate of progress
- fails to close the attainment gap between the child and their peers
- widens the attainment gap between the child and their peers.
The ‘graduated approach’
Where there is a question about whether a child or young person may have SEND, a four-part cycle known as ‘the graduated approach’ is used. The four stages of the cycle are:
This cycle is designed to ensure that earlier decisions and actions are revisited, refined and revised, and to build up a fuller understanding of the pupil’s needs and what will enable them to make good progress.
Where a child or young person is identified as requiring additional support in relation to a special educational need or disability, an appropriate programme of short-term, focused teaching will be used to target the area of need identified. This programme is usually called SEN support.
Once the teaching programme has been delivered, the child’s progress will be reviewed to see whether the programme of support has helped. If so, the additional SEN support may be stopped or a further plan and additional support and advice may be needed.
Most children will receive the extra help they need from their early years setting, school or college to progress. But, if necessary, as part of SEN support they can also call on a range of specialist local services for further assessment or support. These services include:
- BHISS - Brighton & Hove Inclusion Support Service, which includes:educational psychologists; family support workers; primary mental health workers; specialist SEN teachers and specialist SEN practitioners
- Special schools outreach services
- Speech & Language Therapy
- Occupational Therapy
- Brighton and Hove Wellbeing Service, which includes Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services
Education, Health and Care Plans (EHCPs)
If a child or young person has been getting SEN support for a while and is still not making progress, the school or setting (or you) may consider requesting an Education, Health and Care needs assessment.
You may also be interested in:
The law around SEND
All schools, colleges and other educational settings must offer help to improve the outcomes of children and young people with special educational needs and/or a disability (SEND). There are a number of legal requirements that must be followed where a child or young person has SEND. Read more about the legal framework for SEND here.