1. Residential completions
There were 558 net housing completions in 2019/20 which falls short of the implied annual delivery rate of 660 dwellings per year required to meet the City Plan housing target. As a result, the implied annual rate has risen to 881 dwellings per year (Table 1). The 2019 to 2020 completion figure represents a higher figure than in the previous three monitoring years.
Table 1: City Plan housing requirement
|Implied Annual Rate
|Plan Period 2010 to 2030
|Remaining Period 2020 to 2030
|8,809 - takes into account recorded supply net completions from 2010 to 2019, 4,391 units
The highest proportion of housing delivery in 2019/20 was completed through new build developments. which provided a total of 384 net dwellings. This reflects a recovery from the low number of new build completions in the previous monitoring year and was higher than in any of the previous three monitoring years.
The increase in residential completions from the previous monitoring year is due to an 80% increase in residential completions on large developments (six units and over), to 407 units while completions in small developments (five units and under), remained at a similar level to previous years (151 units). Completions in large developments were higher than in the previous three monitoring years and more than 100 units higher than the average over the past ten years. Completions on small sites were close to the average over the past five and ten years. Of the 407 units completed on large sites, there were 204 units completed within Development Areas, as defined in the City Plan (Policies DA1-DA8), and 203 units completed outside the Development Areas. The residential completions on sites of 10 or more dwellings delivered a total of 377 units.
Table 2: Major Developments Completed 2019 to 2020
|Net Units Completed
|Circus Street, Brighton
|Mixed use development including 142 residential apartments
|133 Kingsway, Hove
|Demolition of garage and shop and erection of 58 residential apartments.
|Lansdowne Place Hotel, Hove
|Conversion of hotel to 45 residential units (C3),
|The Downsman, 189 Hangleton Way, Hove
|Demolition of public house and erection of 33 dwellings
|Former Housing Office, Selsfield Drive, Brighton
|Demolition of housing office and erection of seven buildings comprising 30 dwellings
|Baptist Tabernacle, Montpelier Place, Brighton
|Demolition of existing church and erection 24 residential units
|52, 54 Hollingdean Road & 46 Freehold Terrace, Brighton
|Erection of a building to form student accommodation including 15 self-contained units and eight affordable housing units.
|Buckley Close, Hove
|Erection of three residential blocks providing twelve flats.
|51 - 53 Church Road, Hove
|Prior Approval change of use from office use to ten residential units.
Over the past 15 years the average rate of residential completions has been 495 units per year and average completions since the start of the City Plan period (2010/11) has been 442 units per year. Annual completion figures exceeded 500 units in every year from 2005/06 to 2008/09. A drop in housing delivery between 2009/10 and 2013/14 reflected the impact that national recession and the subsequent economic uncertainty had on residential delivery. Despite this, annual completions increased each year between 2010/11 until 2015/16.
In 2016/17 the number of completions dipped again and has since remained below the required City Plan delivery rate of 660 units per year. Annual completions rates are rising again, however, and the numbers of residential units currently gaining planning permission and under construction suggest it will continue to do so and housing delivery will increase as development sites allocated in the City Plan and identified in the Strategic Housing land Availability Assessment (SHLAA) are implemented along with continuing supply through windfall sites.
Detailed analysis of housing delivery in the city is provided in the council's Housing Delivery Action Plan.
In 2019/20 flats comprised 85 percent of new residential completions; 81 percent of which were two bed flats or smaller. Of the 15 percent completed as houses; 64 percent were three bed houses or larger. One and two bed units comprised 86 percent of the residential units completed in 2019/20 which is an increase on 2018/19 and 2017/18.
These figures indicate that a significantly higher level of smaller units have been completed compared to both the existing housing profile of the city (based on the 2011 Census) and more recent demographic analysis of the demand/need for homes in the city over the plan period, which indicated that an estimated 65% of overall demand/need would be for two and three bed units.
This largely reflects the character of the sites available in the city, with a high proportion of constrained brownfield sites within the urban area and very limited opportunities for lower density greenfield development.
The permitted development right for a change of use from office to residential use was introduced in 2013 and has subsequently been extended to now include retail, financial and professional services, light industrial and storage or distribution uses. These developments require prior approval from the local authority but are not subject to the standard planning application process.
Only 29 permitted development units were completed in 2019/20; the lowest number since the first monitoring year following the introduction of the legislation. Although these rights have increased residential delivery, the council has limited controls to ensure that the residential units permitted meet amenity standards and cannot use planning policies to seek a proportion of affordable housing. Change of use to residential through permitted development also potentially reduces the supply of office space in the city.