Brighton & Hove City Council, as a Waste and Minerals Planning Authority, provides planning policies for waste management and minerals production. The Council, working in partnership with East Sussex County Council and the South Downs National Park Authority, adopted the Waste and Minerals Plan in February 2013 and a Waste and Minerals Sites Plan in February 2017. A review of the Waste and Minerals Plan is currently being undertaken by the Authorities, with a focus on the supply of minerals.
The main types of waste are:
- Local Authority Collected Waste (LACW) - Household waste comprises approximately 95% of local authority collected waste, the remainder coming from sources such as street sweepings and public parks and gardens
- Commercial and Industrial Waste (C&I) - this is produced from shops, food outlets, businesses, and manufacturing activities and comprises about 27% of waste in the Plan Area as a whole
- Construction, Demolition and Excavation Waste (CDEW) - produced from building activity, with a considerable proportion of it is considered to be inert, CDEW comprises an estimated 51% of all waste arisings
- other wastes - this includes hazardous waste, liquid waste (other than wastewater), and wastes arising from the agricultural sector
The City Council monitors the quantity of local authority collected waste (LACW) but it does not directly monitor the quantity of commercial and industrial waste or construction, demolition and excavation waste arisings. The best estimate for C&I waste arisings for East Sussex and Brighton & Hove in 2018 was 516,420 tonnes, the best estimate for annual arisings of CDEW remains 906,000 tonnes. Further detail on these waste streams and commentary on the Plan Area, as a whole, can be found in the East Sussex Waste and Minerals AMR.
There were 108,894 tonnes of household LACW arising in Brighton & Hove in 2019/20, a reduction on the 111,179 tonnes in the previous monitoring year. The majority of waste (69.6%) in 2019/20 was sent for energy recovery, a slight increase on the previous two monitoring years.
As a consequence, the amount of landfilled waste continues to reduce and represented only 2.5 percent of all LACW which is in contrast to 59 percent sent to landfill in 2007/08. Over a quarter of waste arisings (28%) were recycled, composted or reused, a similar proportion to recent monitoring years. The proportion of recycled waste remained at 19 percent, while re-use and composting increased slightly to 8.4 percent with five percent composted. The Local Authority will continue to take steps to encourage waste minimisation and the movement of waste management up the waste hierarchy.
Brighton & Hove does not have any active mineral sites and the level of production in East Sussex is very low by regional standards. Actual production figures are bound by confidentiality constraints, caused by particular commercial sensitivities due to the small number of operators in place. National policy is to increase the use of secondary and recycled aggregates as an alternative to reducing reserves of primary aggregates and this is reflected in Waste and Minerals Plan Policy WMP3. Background work undertaken indicates that capacity in the plan area for secondary and recycled aggregates is currently around 310,000 tonnes per annum. Current secondary/recycled aggregates facilities in the plan area and further explanation and detailed figures for East Sussex and Brighton & Hove can be found in the East Sussex Waste and Minerals AMR.
It is a requirement of the NPPF to produce an annual Local Aggregate Assessment (LAA) to assess the demand for and supply of aggregates in their area. The 2020 LAA was created jointly with East Sussex County Council and the South Downs National Park Authority and was published in December 2020.