Road collision and casualty data

Road safety campaign

Background

Collision and casualty categories

Data - collisions and casualties

Data - most vulnerable road user groups

Performance indicators and forecasts for 2020

Further information

Background

Sussex Police supplies personal injury collision information to Brighton & Hove City Council on a regular basis.  This data is checked and validated, and then used by the Road Safety Team to investigate collisions and implement a road safety strategy. The data remains the property of the Police and does not include collisions where there is damage only (i.e. no reported casualties). 

Brighton & Hove City Council is a member of the Sussex Safer Roads Partnership. The other partnership members are:

East and West Sussex County Councils, Sussex Police, Highways Agency, East and West Sussex Fire and Rescue Services and HM Courts and Tribunals Service (Sussex). 

Collisions that occur on the A23 or A27 trunk roads which are managed by the Highways Agency but located within the Brighton & Hove City boundary will appear within the Brighton & Hove data, although we have no local highway authority responsibility for those roads.

Collision and casualty categories

The data may refer to either the number of collisions or the number of casualties in the collisions; one collision may result in several casualties. Therefore, the number of casualties in any year is always greater than the number of collisions.

The casualties/injuries are categorised by severity:

  • Fatal - injury resulting in the death of a casualty within 30 days of the collision
  • Serious - injury including fracture, internal injury, concussion, severe shock, severe cuts, detention in hospital
  • Slight - injury including sprains, whiplash, bruises, slight cuts

Collisions are categorised by the most severe casualty category.  So if, for example, a collision results in 3 casualties – one fatal, one serious and one slight – the collision is categorised as a fatal collision.

Data

Brighton & Hove City Council reconciles the current year’s data during the first quarter of the following year. However, the data is subject to change after this period should further information become available, which may mean data differs slightly from Sussex Police and as published by the Department for Transport.

Collisions

Year

Fatal

Serious

Slight

Total

2012

5

147

637

789

2011

5

159

729

893

2010

7

123

771

901

2009

2

143

748

893

2008

5

124

810

939

Casualties

Year

Fatal

Serious

Slight

Total

2012

5

155

818

978

2011

6

166

934

1106

2010

8

128

974

1110

2009

2

148

954

1104

2008

5

136

1066

1207

Collisions and casualties have decreased since 2008.  Despite this downward trend, the number of people killed or seriously injured (KSI) has not shown the same pattern of reduction.

Most vulnerable road user groups

It is important to target resources at those road users who are considered ‘most vulnerable’; that means people statistically most likely to be involved in a collision and/or most likely to sustain serious or fatal injuries.

Pedal cycle casualties

Year

Fatal

Serious

Slight

Total

2012

0

35

126

161

2011

0

35

122

157

2010

2

21

134

157

 The number of pedal cycle casualties in 2012 was slightly up on the previous two years. 

Pedestrian Casualties

Year

Fatal

Serious

Slight

Total

2012

1

53

126

180

2011

3

59

168

230

2010

1

47

143

191

The number of pedestrian casualties in 2012 was lower than in the previous 2 years.

Powered Two Wheeler Casualties

Year

Fatal

Serious

Slight

Total

2012

3

32

74

109

2011

2

42

82

126

2010

4

33

63

100

The number of powered two wheeler casualties decreased in 2012 compared to 2011 and there were less KSIs than in both of the previous 2 years. 

Performance indicators and forecasts for 2020

The Government has indicated that whilst it does not necessarily advocate the introduction of road safety targets, including casualty reduction targets, there is a need to continue the momentum created until 2010. To that end, the Department for Transport (DfT) ‘Strategic Framework for Road Safety’ suggests the use of ‘Forecasts’. This method of trying to predict ‘central and lower’ projections is based upon the need to take into account the numerous, complex factors affecting casualty reduction.

The DfT’s suggested local performance indicators (PIs) are:

  • Number of killed or seriously injured casualties
  • Rate of killed or seriously injured casualties per million people
  • Rate of killed or seriously injured casualties per billion vehicle miles

The numerical year on year Forecasts for reducing the number of people killed or seriously injured in Brighton & Hove for the next 10 years are shown in the table below: There are two levels of forecast, ‘central projection’ and ‘low projection’ which are intended to provide parameters which allow flexibility for the numerous factors and social conditions influencing the collision rate, whilst still maintaining a focus on a downward trend.

 Casualty forecast detail by year to 2020

* indicates actual figures for Brighton & Hove

Brighton & Hove City Council will continue to strive to reduce collisions and casualties through education, training, publicity and engineering measures.

Further information

Further and more detailed collision data will be added to the council’s web site as it becomes available.

For more information email road.safety@brighton-hove.gov.uk.

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